Thermoregulation

Mathematical Models of Diatoms: Understanding Their Complex Shape, Reproduction and Chain Formation

Apart from physical and chemical solutions used by the diatom for survival, some features of the unicellular microalgae also could be described in mathematics. For instance, the diatom morphology reveals a striking alignment with the golden ratio and fractal geometry. By examining the silica shells of these unicellular algae, we…

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Life-Sustaining Processes of the Diatom

The chemical reactions, processes, and mechanisms that occur inside diatoms are key to their ability to survive and dominate the world of microalgae. Through photosynthesis, the diatom can absorb sunlight and carbon dioxide and then convert them into oxygen and glucose with the help of chlorophyll, which is a common…

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The Metabolic and Regulatory Roles of Adipose Tissue in Organisms

Fats are one of the most versatile molecules in mammals, fulfilling countless metabolic and non-metabolic roles. Metabolism of fats serves many purposes. Through lipolysis, fat molecules are broken down into glycerol and three fatty acid chains, which in turn are used by cells to produce energy. Through the reverse process,…

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A Multi-Functional Armor: Carapaces’ Roles in Different Animals

The carapace is the dorsal section of the exoskeleton of many animals. This article discusses the multifunctionality of some animals’ carapaces. In the introduction, the necessity of the carapace and its potential hindrance is generally described. The body uses peer-reviewed research, experiments, and reviews to explain the structure and multifunctionality…

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Animal Communication: A Chemical Review

Chemical reactions are the base of our universe. From the light of the sun to the function of our own brains, chemical reactions are behind it. It is therefore not unrealistic to imagine that communication can also be explained by chemical reactions. This paper examines the chemistry behind different forms…

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Applications of Newtonian Mechanics in the Animal Molting Process

Molting or ecdysis is the intricate yet routine biological process through which the external layer is shed and replaced. Molting is necessary as it allows organisms to grow at a healthy rate, however it is a very risky process that often leaves the animal vulnerable and exposed for the duration…

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A Portfolio of The Physical Peculiarities of Animal Sleep Behaviour

Sleep is a phenomenon that has been observed to naturally recur in all animals, and which is crucial to their functioning, as it has been posited that it serves to help the animal recover, recuperate and develop. To accommodate their sleep requirements and environmental conditions, certain animals have developed remarkable…

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Bioinformatics and Sensory Function of Mammalian Fur: An Analysis of Coat Patterning, Whiskers, and Trigger Hairs

The Turing pattern, which is further explained in the paper, is an observed pattern in natural systems ranging from cheetah print to coral growth. Alan Turing proposed a mathematical model to describe pattern formation based on reaction and diffusion rates of morphogens, and this model holds true for a vast…

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