Foraging

Underwater Chemists; Discussion of Design Solutions in Tintinnid Ciliates

In this essay we explore tintinnids’ intricate design solutions through the lens of chemical processes and pathways, emphasizing the vital role chemistry plays in their survival. These ciliates employ complex chemical processes that regulate digestion, reproduction, self-protection, and swimming mechanisms. We explore the cell and life cycle of tintinnids, their…

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The Mathematics of Tardigrade Behavior and Development

Tardigrades are equipped with a plethora of features that, most notably, allow them to cope with very harsh conditions that very few organisms are known to be able to withstand. In addition to these tools themselves that they possess, tardigrades’ peculiarity can also be assessed by models that successfully represent…

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Mathematical Modelling of Dinoflagellate Swimming, Population Dynamics and Interactions with Other Organisms

Mathematical models have been made to determine the vertical migration of dinoflagellates while considering the availability of nitrogen. Studies have shown that low nitrogen abundances lead to dinoflagellates avoiding sunlight, and not performing diel vertical migration. Dinoflagellate blooms take place under specific conditions of irradiance, temperature, and salinity. A model…

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A Biomechanical Review of Animal Tongue Functions

The animal kingdom is characterized by an astonishing diversity in tongue morphologies, functions and mechanical abilities. Through evolution, different animal tongues have adapted to perform complex mechanical functions in prey-catching and feeding in order to ensure the survival of their species. Chameleons possess the ability to ballistically project their tongues…

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Mathematical Modeling of Animal Tongues

Mathematical modeling of animal tongue functions has improved the understanding of the animal kingdom and how species have evolved to efficiently perform tasks necessary for their survival. The chameleon can rapidly project its tongue, achieving large extension distances due to energy storage within the geometric structures of their tongues. This…

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Mathematical Framework for Animal Foraging Patterns and Forager Population Dynamics

The animal kingdom encompasses all kinds of animals that collect their food supplies in unique ways. Consequently, by using mathematical language to describe these systems of behaviours, one can better understand and predict the way animals proceed during their food source search. This essay examines a few mathematical models describing…

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Use of Chemosensors in Foraging Animals

All animals must search for and collect the substances they consume in order to survive. However, this foraging process is not as simple as it may seem, and this leads these various animals towards strategies which can maximize the efficiency of this essential task. Being that animals reside within chemically…

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The Hidden Properties Behind Animal Foraging Strategies

Fundamentally, foraging is the action of searching and collecting for food in nature. Unlike hunting, which is distinguished by active pursuit and flight, foraging centers around detection, gathering and transport. Every animal has their individualized method for foraging, nevertheless, these methods are either designed to be performed individually or collaboratively.…

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