Heat and Temperature

A Physical Analysis of Magnetotactic Bacteria: Nature’s Microscopic Compass as a Solution to a Motile Biotope

Figure 1: Magnetotactic Bacteria (Perduca, 2016). Magnetotactic bacteria (MTB) are unique aquatic microaerophiles that can align and move in the direction of the Earth’s magnetic field. In this paper, the basic physical properties of magnetosomes, some mechanisms, such as magnetotaxis, and phototaxis, involved in the MTB’s motion, and the role…

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Mathematical Models of Diatoms: Understanding Their Complex Shape, Reproduction and Chain Formation

Apart from physical and chemical solutions used by the diatom for survival, some features of the unicellular microalgae also could be described in mathematics. For instance, the diatom morphology reveals a striking alignment with the golden ratio and fractal geometry. By examining the silica shells of these unicellular algae, we…

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Life-Sustaining Processes of the Diatom

The chemical reactions, processes, and mechanisms that occur inside diatoms are key to their ability to survive and dominate the world of microalgae. Through photosynthesis, the diatom can absorb sunlight and carbon dioxide and then convert them into oxygen and glucose with the help of chlorophyll, which is a common…

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Frustules: Design solutions in Diatoms

There are many microorganisms in the universe, and they can generally be sorted into three types: prokaryotic, eukaryotic, and acellular. The subject of this paper is a member of the eukaryotic family, and they are commonly present in nature: the diatom. The diatomite which is formed by the death of…

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A Multi-Functional Armor: Carapaces’ Roles in Different Animals

The carapace is the dorsal section of the exoskeleton of many animals. This article discusses the multifunctionality of some animals’ carapaces. In the introduction, the necessity of the carapace and its potential hindrance is generally described. The body uses peer-reviewed research, experiments, and reviews to explain the structure and multifunctionality…

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The Biochemical Basis of Fossilization

In exceptional cases, organism remains may fossilize, persisting in sediment and retaining morphological features across great lengths of time. Eluding complete biological breakdown, these special artifacts of nature are evidence of previous life on Earth and archive the planet’s diverse history. Here, we investigate several environmental conditions which influence fossilization,…

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Applications of Newtonian Mechanics in the Animal Molting Process

Molting or ecdysis is the intricate yet routine biological process through which the external layer is shed and replaced. Molting is necessary as it allows organisms to grow at a healthy rate, however it is a very risky process that often leaves the animal vulnerable and exposed for the duration…

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An Investigation into the Biophysical Relationship Between Predator-Prey Pairs

Life, and therefore the very genes that determine its properties and expression, cannot stay stagnant as it is invariably fighting for shared territory, for shared resources, or alternatively, for the resources and nutrients that compose its very structure. Therefore, as there are near limitless ways to achieve a leg up…

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A Portfolio of The Physical Peculiarities of Animal Sleep Behaviour

Sleep is a phenomenon that has been observed to naturally recur in all animals, and which is crucial to their functioning, as it has been posited that it serves to help the animal recover, recuperate and develop. To accommodate their sleep requirements and environmental conditions, certain animals have developed remarkable…

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