Energy and Energy Optimization

AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE MATHEMATICAL MODELLING OF THE PROPERTIES OF GONIUM

ABSTRACT  The multicellular algae of genus Gonium have been shown to be a remarkable feat of evolution. It can be difficult to fully appreciate the colonial algae’s ingenuity when only observing the organism. By attempting to model their behaviour, insight into the beauty of their design can be gained in

Read More »

Formidable Foraminifera, Facing Unfavorable Conditions: A Chemical Analysis

Abstract Armed with their network of pseudopodia and armoured by their distinctive shells, foraminifera are single-celled protists known for being ecologically successful marine microorganisms. Rare are the eukaryotes capable of surviving in oxygen-depleted environments, and rarer still are those that have evolved to prefer anoxic or hypoxic conditions, and yet

Read More »

Mechanics and Optics of Cyanobacteria: How to Survive over Billions of Years

Abstract This essay sheds light on a unique photoautotrophic prokaryote that presents a wide range of physical properties. Although billions of years old, cyanobacteria still ingeniously make use of their structural composition, mechanical processes, and optical properties to interact with their surroundings. With a strong gliding motility, a light sensing

Read More »

A Physical Analysis of Magnetotactic Bacteria: Nature’s Microscopic Compass as a Solution to a Motile Biotope

Figure 1: Magnetotactic Bacteria (Perduca, 2016). Magnetotactic bacteria (MTB) are unique aquatic microaerophiles that can align and move in the direction of the Earth’s magnetic field. In this paper, the basic physical properties of magnetosomes, some mechanisms, such as magnetotaxis, and phototaxis, involved in the MTB’s motion, and the role…

Read More »

Mathematical Models of Diatoms: Understanding Their Complex Shape, Reproduction and Chain Formation

Apart from physical and chemical solutions used by the diatom for survival, some features of the unicellular microalgae also could be described in mathematics. For instance, the diatom morphology reveals a striking alignment with the golden ratio and fractal geometry. By examining the silica shells of these unicellular algae, we…

Read More »

Life-Sustaining Processes of the Diatom

The chemical reactions, processes, and mechanisms that occur inside diatoms are key to their ability to survive and dominate the world of microalgae. Through photosynthesis, the diatom can absorb sunlight and carbon dioxide and then convert them into oxygen and glucose with the help of chlorophyll, which is a common…

Read More »

Frustules: Design solutions in Diatoms

There are many microorganisms in the universe, and they can generally be sorted into three types: prokaryotic, eukaryotic, and acellular. The subject of this paper is a member of the eukaryotic family, and they are commonly present in nature: the diatom. The diatomite which is formed by the death of…

Read More »

The Metabolic and Regulatory Roles of Adipose Tissue in Organisms

Fats are one of the most versatile molecules in mammals, fulfilling countless metabolic and non-metabolic roles. Metabolism of fats serves many purposes. Through lipolysis, fat molecules are broken down into glycerol and three fatty acid chains, which in turn are used by cells to produce energy. Through the reverse process,…

Read More »

Mathematical Modeling of Animal Tongues

Mathematical modeling of animal tongue functions has improved the understanding of the animal kingdom and how species have evolved to efficiently perform tasks necessary for their survival. The chameleon can rapidly project its tongue, achieving large extension distances due to energy storage within the geometric structures of their tongues. This…

Read More »

Mathematical Modeling of the Molting Process

Molting is a crucial and intricate process requiring the timely shedding of an animal’s body part, which may include the epidermis, the pelage, or the entire exoskeleton. The unique mechanisms governing the molting cycles of different species can be quantitatively analyzed to predict patterns and behaviours based on key parameters.…

Read More »

Patterns and Networks in Animal Colonies

This essay analyses an assortment of animal homes and the way they are constructed, maintained, and affected due to the environment that surrounds them. Since the usage of a refuge has been moulded by the evolution of animals in their original environment, recurring patterns can be observed when analyzing these…

Read More »

Mathematical Framework for Animal Foraging Patterns and Forager Population Dynamics

The animal kingdom encompasses all kinds of animals that collect their food supplies in unique ways. Consequently, by using mathematical language to describe these systems of behaviours, one can better understand and predict the way animals proceed during their food source search. This essay examines a few mathematical models describing…

Read More »