Sleeping in Flight: Adaptations of a Bird’s Brain

Flying has required birds to develop a plethora of tools to make it as efficient as possible. These biological tools range from different body sizes, body weights, wingspans, feather numbers and their distribution, to an increase in brain to body size ratio to accommodate more developed functions. Multiple types of…

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Feather Structure and Assembly

Birds are the only animals alive that have developed feathers, evolving from the scales of reptiles. Feathers are necessary for flight, insulation, and courtship displays. As a portrayal of the importance of feathers: for nearly two decades, researchers have been trying to imitate bird flight, a goal hindered by the…

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Wings: Design Constraints Related to Flight Behaviors in Birds

A bird’s wings are essential for transportation and mobility. All species of birds have different wings that can differ in many aspects: wingspan, wing color, wing shape, weight, composition and more. These characteristics define each bird species and come from generations of genetic heredity and adaptation to their changing environment.…

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