Atmosphere

Coral Polyps and the Chemical Symphony of Survival

While coral polyps have been extensively studied across various scientific perspectives, this paper will specifically explore them from a chemical standpoint. The coral polyp’s biomineralization process is investigated, highlighting its critical role in creating a suitable habitat. The chemical reaction between bicarbonate and calcium produces aragonite crystals which form the…

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The Biochemical Features of Tardigrades and Their Roles in Maintaining Cellular Functional Integrity

Extensive studies have been carried out regarding tardigrades’ so-called tun state as a means of survival in the face of all sorts of harsh environmental conditions. While the surviving capabilities of tardigrades in inhospitable habitats are outstanding and worth examining, many of the ways by which they succeed in maintaining…

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Mathematical Marine Models of Coral Polyps

While coral polyps have been extensively studied across various scientific perspectives, this paper will explore them from a Mathematical perspective. Coral’s spontaneous growth pattern was mathematically modelled and explained from a polyp-oriented perspective, showing how polyps contribute to growth patterns. Moreover, corals are heavily reliant on their environment which contributes…

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Mathematical Models of Diatoms: Understanding Their Complex Shape, Reproduction and Chain Formation

Apart from physical and chemical solutions used by the diatom for survival, some features of the unicellular microalgae also could be described in mathematics. For instance, the diatom morphology reveals a striking alignment with the golden ratio and fractal geometry. By examining the silica shells of these unicellular algae, we…

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An Analysis of the Chemistry Behind Coccolithophores

            The world’s irreplaceable calcifying organism, coccolithophore, utilizes many different chemical processes in its quest for calcification and survival, among other things. The processes and structures detailed in this paper demonstrate how coccolithophores cleverly use the readily available molecules around them to contribute to their various processes and structural demands.…

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Exploring Aquatic Fungi Through Mathematical Tools

 The beauty of mathematics lies in its ability to create models to simplify complex things in real life and give explanations to them. Models are a great way to study and analyze species in nature and it is the same for aquatic fungi. Mathematical models also help us predict their…

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Aquatic Fungi: An Exploration of Adaptations in Chemical Processes

This article explores the chemistry behind the diverse functions and characteristics of aquatic fungi, a fascinating group of microorganisms that inhabit freshwater and marine ecosystems. Aquatic fungi play an important role in the cycling of nutrients and the decomposition of organic matter. This article gives an overview elucidating the key…

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The Hormone-Dependent Regenerative Basis of Antlers

Antlers are unique architectures. They are shed and rebuilt at yearly intervals, growing from bony pedicles in early spring to full-fledged structures cast in late March. The antler growth cycle—known as antlerogenesis—is a process controlled by the fluctuating interactions of myriad hormones, mainly testosterone. The growth rate is among the…

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Patterns and Networks in Animal Colonies

This essay analyses an assortment of animal homes and the way they are constructed, maintained, and affected due to the environment that surrounds them. Since the usage of a refuge has been moulded by the evolution of animals in their original environment, recurring patterns can be observed when analyzing these…

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The Gravity of Connectivity in Migratory Birds During a Climate Emergency

All populations form networks which describe their interactions, mixing and mating. Migratory populations also form networks, but these are much more complex because of the continuously migrating populations throughout the seasons. Migratory networks are more fragile but are a fundamental pillar to bird populations. They can aid populations but can…

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Mathematical Models of Predator-Prey Population Dynamics 

Biology and ecology are often viewed through a lens of pure chemistry or physics. However, these two fields do not serve particularly well when analyzing systems, namely ecosystems, at a macro level. Indeed, as we will discuss, it is mathematics, or alternatively biomathematics, that serves us in aggregating large amounts…

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