Immunity

A Biochemical Analysis of Mammalian Milk: Diversity Amongst Species and Biomedical Applications

Lactation is a natural phenomenon that unifies the mammalian class and serves the fundamental purpose of supplying offspring with the essential nutrition and immune protection for survival in the early stages of life.  Despite the existence of physiological diversity across lactating species, the general biochemistry of mammalian milk is a…

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Chemical Warfare in Toxin Producing Organisms

The use of toxins and venoms to gain control over a limited number of resources is often observed in competitive relationships between organisms. Antagonistic interactions such as allelopathy, exploitative and interference competition significantly contributing to dynamics of coexistence and coevolution of the involved species. Toxin-producing phytoplankton exude allelopathic compounds that…

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