Organisms

The Physical Adaptations Underlying the Tardigrade’s Resistance to Extreme Environmental Conditions 

Although tardigrades were discovered in the late 18th century, they have continued to captivate scientists due to their outstanding resistance to environmental conditions that are lethal to most organisms and that is necessary given their ecological distribution across various environments. Explanations as to the mechanisms underlying this superior resistance have…

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Coral Polyps and the Chemical Symphony of Survival

While coral polyps have been extensively studied across various scientific perspectives, this paper will specifically explore them from a chemical standpoint. The coral polyp’s biomineralization process is investigated, highlighting its critical role in creating a suitable habitat. The chemical reaction between bicarbonate and calcium produces aragonite crystals which form the…

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The Metabolism and Movement of Dinoflagellate from a Chemical Perspective

Dinoflagellates produce neurotoxins that target the voltage-gated channels of muscle and nerve cells. Consumption of these toxins through contaminated seafood is the cause of human illnesses such as paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP). Some of these toxins are complex molecules and are some of the largest naturally produced carbon chains found…

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Mathematical Analysis of Amoebas

Despite lacking a conventional nervous system as in more complex organisms, amoebae of various kinds display signs of “intelligence” in their high adaptability to the environment and their problem-solving abilities, which have fascinated scientists for many years. In this essay, we discuss various examples of amoeboid intelligence, such as their…

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Microscopic Mathematics; Tintinnid’s Strategic Survival

In this essay, we explore tintinnids’ survival designs within the context of fundamental mathematics principles. Tintinnids use mathematics concepts for everyday functions such as swimming and self-protection. We delve into tintinnids’ various swimming patterns. We take a close look at the helical swimming motion, or more precisely how that motion…

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Underwater Chemists; Discussion of Design Solutions in Tintinnid Ciliates

In this essay we explore tintinnids’ intricate design solutions through the lens of chemical processes and pathways, emphasizing the vital role chemistry plays in their survival. These ciliates employ complex chemical processes that regulate digestion, reproduction, self-protection, and swimming mechanisms. We explore the cell and life cycle of tintinnids, their…

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Discussion of Nature’s Design Solutions in Tintinnids: Masters of Microzooplankton Survival

In this essay, we explore tintinnids’ survival designs within the context of fundamental physics principles. Tintinnids employ diverse mechanisms to outmaneuver predators, locate prey, and safeguard themselves. To avoid predators, tintinnids utilize specific swimming patterns, attach to groups of particles, develop symbiotic relationships with diatoms, and have undergone morphological adaptations…

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The Mathematics of Tardigrade Behavior and Development

Tardigrades are equipped with a plethora of features that, most notably, allow them to cope with very harsh conditions that very few organisms are known to be able to withstand. In addition to these tools themselves that they possess, tardigrades’ peculiarity can also be assessed by models that successfully represent…

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The Biochemical Features of Tardigrades and Their Roles in Maintaining Cellular Functional Integrity

Extensive studies have been carried out regarding tardigrades’ so-called tun state as a means of survival in the face of all sorts of harsh environmental conditions. While the surviving capabilities of tardigrades in inhospitable habitats are outstanding and worth examining, many of the ways by which they succeed in maintaining…

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Mathematical Marine Models of Coral Polyps

While coral polyps have been extensively studied across various scientific perspectives, this paper will explore them from a Mathematical perspective. Coral’s spontaneous growth pattern was mathematically modelled and explained from a polyp-oriented perspective, showing how polyps contribute to growth patterns. Moreover, corals are heavily reliant on their environment which contributes…

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The Physics of Coral Polyps

Coral polyps have been studied from many scientific standpoints, but this paper will examine coral polyps from a physical standpoint. To begin, polyps were analyzed under the lens of kinetics, relating the specific movement of polyps to the benefits of this movement. Through their natural ability to manipulate water flow…

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Magnetic Marvels: A Mathematical Exploration of Magnetotactic Bacteria

Order can be found within the seemingly complex, and perhaps even disordered, processes and shapes that constitute magnetotactic bacteria (MTB). This order can be explained by the concepts of mathematics. First and foremost, the crystalline structures within the magnetosomes of MTB can be modelled mathematically. Magnetite and greigite crystals consist…

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