Matrices

Modeling Population Dynamics & Evolutionary Cooperation with Game Theory

Since the development of game theory, it has been used to model behaviours exhibited by individuals in situations involving strategy optimization involving mathematical concepts and calculations. When applied to the field of evolutionary biology, evolutionary game theory is derived to model the competitive strategies and evolutionary decisions found in many…

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Stable Isotope Analysis: Predictive Power and Challenges

The presence of stable isotopes, i.e., elements with extra (or missing) neutrons which do not decay over time, provides a strong tool for tracing of animal activities in both the near and distant past. Quantification of these stable isotopes using mass spectrometry, followed by mathematical analysis, allows scientists to make…

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